As per the definition of The National Institutes of Health, long-term memory loss is an issue affects a person’s memory significantly, making it difficult for the person to recall past events. Generally, your long term memory long is created when your non-permanent memories or short-term memories are merged in the hippocampus area of the brain. Once these memories are merged, they are accessible independently from the hippocampus present in the neocortex. As such, when a person faces long-term memory loss, this process is disrupted. Consequently, the affected person faces problems recalling stored memories and hampers the creation of new ones.

Likewise, a person suffering from long-term memory loss faces difficulties in remembering necessary things, like important dates, semantics and word meanings. Additionally, such a person may feel difficulties in performing routine tasks that he/she is familiar with.

Furthermore, here are some of the essential causes of long-term memory loss:

Aging

The ability of recalling experiences is a complex process. This is because different portions of your brain are involved in it, some of which include amygdale, cerebral cortex and the hippocampus regions. Moreover, the signals between neurons also play a significant role in the overall retention of your memories. As such, the process of aging may affect the functionality of the brain, further reducing it and weakening it. Furthermore, the neurotransmitters as well as their receptors may not be able to execute their routine tasks because of the loss of neurons. This results in the brain not being able to effectively retrieve or retain information. In addition, the deterioration of brain’s cells may also be responsible for the difficulties a person faces when recalling past events.

Medical Conditions

In medical science, neurodegenerative diseases are related with the loss of function, structure or even death of neurons. Likewise, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis are just some of diseases that may be responsible for long-term memory loss. Besides the neurodegenerative diseases, epilepsy and brain infections may also cause memory problems. As such, if a person is going through these issues, one of the first things he/she needs to check is his/her prolonged stress levels. Since these are often huge contributing factors to the memory problem.

Injury

The brain is the only location in the body where processes of consolidation, retrieval and acquisition of information can occur. This is why if due to an accident any part of the brain is damaged, the person may develop amnesia. Although short-term amnesia may result due to a mild concussion, person sustaining serious brain injuries may get affected causing permanent amnesia.

Alcohol

There is a lot of evidence that points towards the association between alcohol and long-term memory loss. Furthermore, not only does alcohol affect memory, but the overall mental health of an individual as well. Today, science tells us that alcohol can cause amnesia in adults. Additionally, chronic alcohol abuse may increase the risk of the Wernickle-Korsakoff’s syndrome. As such, this may result in the impairment of a person’s overall cognitive skills, thereby leading to the development of amnesia. Likewise, research has claimed that no matter which type of alcohol a person consumes, whether it is beer, whisky, or wine, all carry the risk of damaging the memory.

In conclusion, the long-term memory loss is a very complicated and difficult to manage problem. It is generally caused due to the factors of aging, injuries to the head, and the excessive alcohol use. Moreover, any person who faces such a problem requires great deal of care and attention, both from the doctor and friends/family. So, always remember to be careful as prevention is better than cure.