Children can, over the course of their life, encounter problems with their eyesight. This can be due to genetics, physical or environmental factors, or all of them. Many eye conditions and diseases exists that can hamper a child’s normal life. The issues may be related to the common focus of the eyesight or even alignment disorders. But thanks to medical science, an early diagnosis and treatment can significantly impact your child’s eye health. Vision screening can mean all the difference in maintaining your child’s eye health.

A Look at Common Focus and Alignment Disorders

If your child experiences any of these conditions, a visit to the eye doctor is highly recommended:


This condition is used to describe poor vision in any eye that has yet to develop normal vision. Ostensibly, this issue crops up during early childhood when the eye is still developing. It is also referred to as ‘lazy eye’. When an individual feels vision acuity is better in one eye than the other, then amblyopia isn’t far behind. In the US, it affects 3 in 100 people. This condition occurs if the child has misaligned eyes. They may feel one eye can look straight yet the other turns up and down. The lazy eye might constantly or occasionally turn, leading to mixed signals to the brain when it comes to vision.

The brain, in this particular instance, reacts by turning off the other misaligned eye to reduce double vision. It is common to see people with this condition relying on their one eye to go about their daily lives. Amblyopia can also give birth to other eye problems if not treated in a timely fashion. In this case, an eye MD is recommended who can check up on the child and prescribe the treatment.


Ptosis is a condition that seems to give an impression of a drooping upper eyelid. It basically covers either the whole eye or at least partial sections of it. This results in no vision.

“Cloudy” Eyes

Sometimes children can have an eye that gives a cloudy or hazy vision. In such a case, it is safe to say they have cataract that needs to be taken care of.

Childhood Eye Diseases & Conditions

We took a look at normal alignment and focus disorders. In addition to this, these following eye conditions also exist which may require examination by the physician or a health service:


Also known as the infamous ‘pink eye’, conjunctivitis is the result of either a viral or bacterial infection. It is contagious if it’s the result of bacteria. However, it can also occur due to a food allergy, in which case it’s not contagious. The eye turns pink or red at the inflammation of the conjunctiva. It’s the filmy membrane that covers eyelids and the eye whites, protecting them from dust and bacteria. And tears can make it feel itchy and uncomfortable. When conjunctivitis occurs, it is advisable for the kid to stay at home so the infection does not spread. This condition can normally go away in 3 to 7 days.


Chalazion occurs there is a small lump on the child’s eyelid. This can occur when a meibomian gland gets clogged and the oil that’s produced in the gland builds up. It’s not a condition that comes from an infection. A visit to the eye MD is important when this happens.


When the eye of a child gets a sore lump (usually read) at the edge of an eyelid, then it’s a stye. This is brought about when an eyelash follicle gets infected.

These are some of the eye conditions which can occur in a child and they need to be examined straightaway by an eye doctor since some of them are infectious.