Yogurt is in the news and for good reason. Many researchers in the medical field need to confirm its effects on insulin-challenged patients. There has been a growing chorus for clinical trials that can establish once and for all if consuming yogurt has any effect on the avoidance of type-2 diabetes in patients. Their findings have hinted at the fact that a higher intake of yoghurt is related to a significantly lower risk of developing diabetes, especially type-2 diabetes.
The researchers have brought up a new study in the open access journal BMC Medicine, which found that consuming more yoghurt reduces the risk for diabetes. A team from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) in Boston, MA wrote in the journal after tabulating and confirming data from 3 preceding large-scale studies on the same topic.
The studies were done over decades and featured information about the dairy food intake of over 195,000 healthcare professionals. Their health was also monitored during this time and some 15,000 of the participants in this study developed type-2 diabetes. Their findings indicated the risk of developing type-2 diabetes was lower in people who had a high intake of yogurt on a daily basis. Those who didn’t were more at risk. The study highlighted the role and importance of yogurt in everyday diet.
Factors that made the team arrive at their conclusion included the large reserve of sample size for the study, the follow-up rate that was consistent and the repeated patterns observed in data collected on the sample’s diet, health and lifestyle. Since the findings correlated the effect of yogurt with diabetes suppression, now the time has come for clinical trials for the same. This can go a long way in determining a cure for diabetes in the future.
Why Clinical Trials Are Needed?
These are prospective studies, taken over a period of time and made for observing people’s diets over a period of time. The study falls short of an ironclad guarantee and confirmation that yogurt helps stave off diabetes. Clinical trials can establish the link between cause and effect in no time at all. Why does diabetes occur? It is mainly because the body is unable to convert glucose in the blood into energy, a process that is the result of insulin in the body. Simply, the body refuses to produce the insulin hormone that’s responsible for the energy release.
Over time, this glucose tends to build up and the body suffers irreparable damage to organs as a result. Diabetes can be of two types, type-1 and type-2. Type-1 is usually the milder form of diabetes and develops in childhood as a result of weakened immune system and its culpability in destroying the insulin produced in the pancreas.
Type-2 diabetes is more serious and prevalent. It’s common in 95% of diabetes cases. In this state, the body becomes less receptive to the effects of insulin. The pancreas goes into overdrive producing more of it but to no avail. Diabetes can become more prevalent if there are indications that it runs in the family. However, it’s not strictly hereditary though, as an unhealthy lifestyle can also result in the development of diabetes in the later part of life.
It is estimated that 366 million people worldwide have type-2 diabetes, a number that’s projected to balloon to 522 million by 2030. This is a healthcare emergency that’s going to put unimaginable strain on global healthcare mechanisms. This is why the clinical trials for yogurt as a diabetes reliever are the need of the hour. In the next part of this article, we will examine why another group of researchers are not sold on the idea of a link between dairy food consumption and type-2 diabetes.
Continue reading Yogurt: Reducing the Risk of Diabetes? (Part 2)